Each vineyard has its ideal environment

Our vineyards are divided into two historic territories. On one side there are the hills of Carmignano, already beloved by Leonardo da Vinci and the Medici; on the other there is Chianti Montalbano. In between is the Arno River, which contributes to a unique microclimate with perfect soil and climate conditions for growing vines. The mild winters, the humidity, the excellent exposure of our vineyards; the presence of the Monte, which screens and protects; the forest that surrounds the vineyards, ensuring biodiversity. sandstone areas are mixed with clay areas and sometimes rich in limestone. Each variety is planted after careful study of the soil and exposure, and of clones and rootstocks. 70 hectares, never too far from the winery, located between 200 and 400 meters above the sea level, divided among the different varieties so that each of them can express its qualities to the fullest.


Prince of Tuscan viticulture

The Sangiovese of Carmignano, and of Artimino specifically, is a delicate and gentle vine that gives wines perfumed with violets and without excessive acidity peaks. The soils chosen for planting Sangiovese are mostly sandstone, with the classic presence of the so-called Macigno that also characterizes some parts of Chianti Classico, formed about 22 million years ago. This is the famous Pietra Serena, a gray rock with bluish streaks that has been the building material of central Tuscany for centuries and which we also find in our Villa.
In the Estate you can still see the remains of an ancient quarry. The soil has a rather important presence of skeleton and good drainage, so that it has a moderate water reserve, as well as being able to retain heat and release it gradually, a useful mechanism especially on the cooler slopes of our Estate. Where the presence of sand is preponderant, balanced wines with smooth tannins are obtained; where, on the other hand, it is sedimentary rock, or sandstone, that characterizes the soil, the wines have more body and longevity.


Not the usual international

Merlot finds an exceptional terroir in Artimino. An ancient soil, dating back about 65 million years (Upper Cretaceous), composed of sand, silt and clay in varying percentages, with little rock and good depth for root development, which the further down they can go, the more they can draw on components useful for the aromatic development of the grapes. Silt-clay soils yield wines with intense polyphenolic structure and rich color. These soils tend to be alluvial in origin, giving round, complex wines with low acidity. Merlot is an early variety: most of our vineyards face east, which allows for optimal ripening, with an important day/night temperature range that helps it express its sensory components to the fullest. Merlot in Artimino gives elegant and persuasive wines, not at all predictable and multifaceted.


The Medici and Carmignano wine

The history of Carmignano wines is strongly linked to that of the Medici family, already a great admirer of this land and its excellent wines. Carmignano is produced using the francesca grape, or Cabernet, a varietal said to have been brought here by Caterina de’ Medici in the mid-1500s. We can imagine how many Cabernet vines in the early 1600s surrounded the Villa, first Franc and then also Sauvignon.
The soils of our Cabernet vineyards are distinguished by the presence of limestone and clay and are characterized by a skeleton with large stones clearly visible. Sedimentary rocks, and in particular sedimentary rocks with parts of calcium carbonate, have interpenetrations of quartz and sedimented clay, which are responsible for the famous mineral notes that we find in our Cabernets and that give greater complexity to our Carmignano DOCG and our Marrucaia. The calcareous soil increases the anthocyanin load: the wines are powerful but well balanced and with a distinct freshness.